HIV or Human immunodeficiency virus is a kind of virus that can begin AIDS. It can strike humans, especially the immune system or immunity so that the body will become weak in fighting infection. Without treatment, a person with HIV can survive for 9-11 years after infection, depending on the type. In other words, the presence of this virus in the body will cause immune system deficiency. Distribution of HIV virus can be through the distribution of Cement (reproduction), Blood, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. HIV works by killing important cells needed by humans, one of them is helper T cells, Macrophages, dendritic cells. However, HIV is actually a fragile type of virus. This particular virus cannot last long outside the human body. HIV cannot spread through sweat or urine.
HIV cannot be cured, but there are treatments that can be used to slow the progression of the disease. This treatment will also make the sufferer live longer, so that can live life normally.
With early HIV diagnosis and effective treatment, people living with HIV will not turn into AIDS. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection. At this stage, the body’s ability to fight infection is completely gone. That is why doing an HIV test such as the HIV Test Singapore is necessary.
Here are some other ways of spreading HIV:
– Transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy, when giving birth or breastfeeding.
– Through oral sex.
– Use of sex aids together or alternately.
– Through blood transfusions from an infected person.
– Use needles, injection, and other contaminated injecting equipment, such as sponges and cleaning cloths.
The best way to prevent HIV is to have sex safely, and never share needles and any injecting equipment. All who have had unprotected sex and shared needles or injections are at greater risk of becoming infected with HIV.